Subculture of Stadium Hooligans – Pathology or Crime?

Subculture of Stadium Hooligans – Pathology or Crime?

Andrzej Czop, Ph.D.
University of Public and Individual Security APEIRON in Cracow, Poland

Agnieszka Juszczak, M.A.
University of Public and Individual Security APEIRON in Cracow, Poland

Aggressive behaviour of hooligans is not a new phenomenon, but has its roots in ancient times. From that era it developed and evolved, with particular dynamics at the turn of the 1950s/60s of the last century. In Poland this phenomenon and the violence appeared later, in the 1970s. Authors also presented classification of the fans by presenting the attributes and characteristics of particular groups. These often brutal and violent behavior have also been analised in this article –authors have presented the most spectacular tragedies caused by aggression of hooligans. It was showed that modern groups of football hooligans in Poland often have criminal nature, and are an important part of organised (often international) crime, connected with smuggling and drug trafficking.
Article history
Received: 10.02.2017 Accepted 21.03.2017

Key words
Scarfers, hooligans structure, collective violation of public security, organized crime

10.24356/SD/21/8